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实验室常用仪器中英文对照大全
来源:http://www.lab-spectrum.com/   作者:紫外可见分光光度计    更新日期:2017-06-13 13:44:11   
摘要:实验室常用仪器中英文对照大全。

实验室常用仪器中英文对照大全


1、常用仪器
原子发射光谱仪Atomic Emission Spectrometer AES;
电感偶合等离子体发射光谱仪Inductive Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer ICP;
直流等离子体发射光谱仪Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectrometer DCP;
紫外-可见光分光光度计UV-VisibleSpectrophotometer UV-Vis;
微波等离子体光谱仪Microwave Inductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer MIP;
原子吸收光谱仪Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy AAS;
原子荧光光谱仪Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy AFS;
傅里叶变换红外光谱仪FT-IR Spectrometer FTIR;
傅里叶变换拉曼光谱仪FT-Raman Spectrometer FTIR-Raman;
气相色谱仪Gas Chromatograph GC;
高压/效液相色谱仪HighPressure/Performance Liquid Chromatography HPLC;
离子色谱仪Ion Chromatograph;
凝胶渗透色谱仪Gel Permeation Chromatograph GPC;
体积排阻色谱Size Exclusion Chromatograph SEC;
X 射线荧光光谱仪X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer XRF X;
射线衍射仪X-Ray Diffractomer XRD;
同位素X荧光光谱仪IsotopeX-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer;
电子能谱仪Electron Energy Disperse Spectroscopy;
能谱仪Energy Disperse Spectroscopy EDS;
质谱仪Mass Spectrometer MS;
ICP-质谱联用仪ICP-MS ICP-MS;
气相色谱-质谱联用仪GC-MSGC-MS;
液相色谱-质谱联用仪LC-MSLC-MS;
核磁共振波谱仪Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer NMR;
电子顺磁共振波谱仪Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer ESR;
极谱仪Polarograph;
伏安仪Voltammerter;
自动滴定仪Automatic Titrator;
电导仪Conductivity Meter;
pH计pH Meter;
水质分析仪Water Test Kits;
电泳仪Electrophoresis System;
表面科学Surface Science;
电子显微镜Electro Microscopy;
光学显微镜Optical Microscopy;
金相显微镜Metallurgical Microscopy;
扫描探针显微镜Scanning Probe Microscopy;
表面分析仪Surface Analyzer;
无损检测仪Instrument for Nondestructive Testing;
物性分析Physical Property Analysis;
热分析仪Thermal Analyzer;
粘度计Viscometer;
流变仪Rheometer;
粒度分析仪Particle Size Analyzer;
热物理性能测定仪Thermal Physical Property Tester;
电性能测定仪Electrical Property Tester;
光学性能测定仪Optical Property Tester;
机械性能测定仪Mechanical Property Tester;
燃烧性能测定仪Combustion Property Tester;
老化性能测定仪Aging Property Tester;
生物技术分析Biochemical analysis;
PCR仪Instrument for Polymerase Chain ReactionPCR;
DNA及蛋白质的测序和合成仪Sequencers and Synthesizers for DNAand Protein;
传感器Sensors;
其他Other/Miscellaneous;
流动分析与过程分析Flow Analytical and Process Analytical Chemistry;
气体分析Gas Analysis;
基本物理量测定Basic Physics;
样品处理Sample Handling;
金属/材料元素分析仪Metal/materialelemental analysis;
环境成分分析仪CHN Analysis;
发酵罐Fermenter;
生物反应器Bio-reactor;
摇床Shaker;
离心机Centrifuge;
超声破碎仪Ultrasonic Cell Disruptor;
超低温冰箱Ultra-low Temperature Freezer;
恒温循环泵Constant Temperature Circulator;
超滤器Ultrahigh Purity Filter;
冻干机Freeze Drying Equipment;
部分收集器Fraction Collector;
氨基酸测序仪Protein Sequencer;
氨基酸组成分析仪Amino Acid Analyzer;
多肽合成仪Peptide synthesizer;
DNA测序仪DNA Sequencers;
DNA合成仪DNA synthesizer;
紫外观察灯Ultraviolet Lamp;
分子杂交仪Hybridization Oven;
PCR仪PCR Amplifier;
化学发光仪Chemiluminescence Apparatus;
紫外检测仪Ultraviolet Detector;
酶标仪ELIASA;
CO2培养箱CO2Incubators;
倒置显微镜Inverted Microscope;
超净工作台Bechtop;
流式细胞仪Flow Cytometer;
微生物自动分析系统Automatic Analyzer for Microbes;
生化分析仪Biochemical Analyzer;
血气分析仪Blood-gas Analyzer;
电解质分析仪Electrolytic Analyzer;
尿液分析仪Urine Analyzer;
临床药物浓度仪Analyzer for Clinic Medicine Concentration;
血球计数器Hematocyte Counter;

2、色谱术语
色谱图chromatogram;
色谱峰chromatographic peak;
峰底peak base;
峰高h,peak height;
峰宽W,peak width;
半高峰宽Wh/2,peak width at halfheight;
峰面积A,peak area;
拖尾峰tailing area;
前伸峰leading area;
假峰ghost peak;
畸峰distorted peak;
反峰negative peak;
拐点inflection point;
原点origin;
斑点spot;
区带zone;
复班multiple spot;
区带脱尾zone tailing;
基线base line;
基线漂移baseline drift;
基线噪声N,baseline noise;
统计矩moment;
一阶原点矩γ1,first origin moment;
二阶中心矩μ2,second centralmoment;
三阶中心矩μ3,third centralmoment;
液相色谱法liquid chromatography,LC;
液液色谱法liquid liquid chromatography,LLC;
液固色谱法liquid solid chromatography,LSC;
正相液相色谱法normal phase liquid chromatography;
反相液相色谱法reversed phase liquid chromatography,RPLC;
柱液相色谱法liquid column chromatography;
高效液相色谱法high performance liquid chromatography,HPLC;
尺寸排除色谱法size exclusion chromatography,SEC;
凝胶过滤色谱法gel filtration chromatography;
凝胶渗透色谱法gel permeation chromatography,GPC;
亲和色谱法affinity chromatography;
离子交换色谱法ion exchange chromatography;
IEC离子色谱法ion chromatography;
离子抑制色谱法ion suppression chromatography;
离子对色谱法ion pair chromatography;
疏水作用色谱法hydrophobic interaction chromatography;
制备液相色谱法preparative liquid chromatography;
平面色谱法planar chromatography;
纸色谱法paper chromatography;
薄层色谱法thin layer chromatography,TLC;
高效薄层色谱法high performance thin layer chromatography,HPTLC;
浸渍薄层色谱法impregnated thin layer chromatography;
凝胶薄层色谱法gel thin layer chromatography;
离子交换薄层色谱法ion exchange thin layer chromatography;
制备薄层色谱法preparative thin layer chromatography;
薄层棒色谱法thin layer rod chromatography;
液相色谱仪liquid chromatograph;
制备液相色谱仪preparative liquid chromatograph;
凝胶渗透色谱仪gel permeation chromatograph;
涂布器spreader;
点样器sample applicator;
色谱柱chromatographic column;
棒状色谱柱monolith column monolith column;
微粒柱microparticle column;
填充毛细管柱packed capillary column;
空心柱open tubular column;
微径柱microbore column;
混合柱mixed column;
组合柱coupled column;
预柱precolumn;
保护柱guard column;
预饱和柱presaturation column;
浓缩柱concentrating column;
抑制柱suppression column;
薄层板thin layer plate;
浓缩区薄层板concentrating thin layer plate;
荧光薄层板fluorescence thin layer plate;
反相薄层板reversed phase thin layer plate;
梯度薄层板gradient thin layer plate;
烧结板sintered plate;
展开室development chamber;
往复泵reciprocating pump;
注射泵syringe pump;
气动泵pneumatic pump;
蠕动泵peristaltic pump;
检测器detector;
微分检测器differential detector;
积分检测器integral detector;
总体性能检测器bulk property detector;
溶质性能检测器solute property detector;
(示差)折光率检测器[differential] refractiveindex detector;
荧光检测器fluorescence detector;
紫外可见光检测器ultraviolet visible detector;
电化学检测器electrochemical detector;
蒸发(激光)光散射检测器[laser] light scatteringdetector;
光密度计densitometer;
薄层扫描仪thin layer scanner;
柱后反应器post-column reactor;
体积标记器volume marker;
记录器recorder;
积分仪integrator;
馏分收集器fraction collector;
工作站work station;
固定相stationary phase;
固定液stationary liquid;
载体support;
柱填充剂column packing;
化学键合相填充剂chemically bonded phase packing;
薄壳型填充剂pellicular packing;
多孔型填充剂porous packing;
吸附剂adsorbent;
离子交换剂ion exchanger;
基体matrix;
载板support plate;
粘合剂binder;
流动相mobile phase;
洗脱(淋洗)剂eluant,eluent;
展开剂developer;
等水容剂isohydric solvent;
改性剂modifier;
显色剂color [developing] agent;
死时间t0,dead time;
保留时间tR,retention time;
调整保留时间t'R,adjusted retentiontime;
死体积V0,dead volume;
保留体积vR,retention volume;
调整保留体积v'R,adjusted retentionvolume;
柱外体积Vext,extra-column volune;
粒间体积V0,interstitial volume;
(多孔填充剂的)孔体积VP,pore volume of porouspacking;
液相总体积Vtol,total liquid volume;
洗脱体积ve,elution volume;
流体力学体积vh,hydrodynamic volume;
相对保留值ri.s,relative retentionvalue;
分离因子α,separation factor;
流动相迁移距离dm,mobile phasemigration distance;
流动相前沿mobile phase front;
溶质迁移距离ds,solute migrationdistance;
比移值Rf,Rf value;
高比移值hRf,high Rf value;
相对比移值Ri.s,relative Rf value;
保留常数值Rm,Rm value;
板效能plate efficiency;
折合板高hr,reduced plateheight;
分离度R,resolution;
液相载荷量liquid phase loading;
离子交换容量ion exchange capacity;
负载容量loading capacity;
渗透极限permeability limit;
排除极限Vh,max,exclusion limit;
拖尾因子T,tailing factor;
柱外效应extra-column effect;
管壁效应wall effect;
间隔臂效应spacer arm effect;
边缘效应edge effect;
斑点定位法localization of spot;
放射自显影法autoradiography;
原位定量in situ quantitation;
生物自显影法bioautography;
归一法normalization method;
内标法internal standard method;
外标法external standard method;
叠加法addition method;
普适校准(曲线、函数)calibrationfunction or curve [function];
谱带扩展(加宽)band broadening;
(分离作用的)校准函数或校准曲线universal calibrationfunction or curve [of separation];
加宽校正broadening correction;
加宽校正因子broadening correction factor;
溶剂强度参数ε0,solvent strengthparameter;
洗脱序列eluotropic series;
洗脱(淋洗) elution;
等度洗脱gradient elution;
梯度洗脱gradient elution;
(再)循环洗脱recycling elution;
线性溶剂强度洗脱linear solvent strength gradient;
程序溶剂programmed solvent;
程序压力programmed pressure;
程序流速programmed flow;
展开development;
上行展开ascending development;
下行展开descending development;
双向展开two dimensional development;
环形展开circular development;
离心展开centrifugal development;
向心展开centripetal development;
径向展开radial development;
多次展开multiple development;
分步展开stepwise development;
连续展开continuous development;
梯度展开gradient development;
匀浆填充slurry packing;
停流进样stop-flow injection;
阀进样valve injection;
柱上富集on-column enrichment;
流出液eluate;
柱上检测on-column detection;
柱寿命column life;
柱流失column bleeding;
显谱visualization;
活化activation;
反冲back flushing;
脱气degassing;
沟流channeling;
过载overloading。

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